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Gregory J Higby, PhD

Senior Academic Curator/Senior Lecturer

Dr. Higby's honors include election to the International Academy of the History of Pharmacy (1991) and the Edward Kremers Award for pharmaco-historical writing of the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy (1995).

His professional activities include serving as a delegate to the House of Delegates of the American Pharmaceutical Association (1986-), a member of the historical subcommittee of the Advisory Committee on the Food and Drug Administration (1988-90), a consultant to the Smithsonian (1988), a consultant to the Lake County Museum (1989), an invited participant to the 2nd and 3rd Pharmacy in 21st Century Conferences (1989, 1994), a member of the Publicity Committee, Pharmacy World Congress '91 (1990-91), a member, general advisory board, Pharmaceutical Products Press (1991-), a consultant to the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (Centennial celebration planning) (1992-1999), a grant reviewer, National Endowment for the Humanities (1993-), a member, Sesquicentennial Advisory Committee, American Pharmaceutical Association (1995-96), a member, Remington Honor Medal Screening Committee, American Pharmaceutical Association (1995), manuscript reviewer for JAMA (1995-), and member, Program Committee, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (1998-1999).

Dr. Higby's invited lectures include: "The History of American Pharmacy: An Overview," at Centennial Celebration of the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy, 9 October 1992; "The American Institute of the History of Pharmacy and Public Outreach in the United States," International Congress for the History of Pharmacy, Heidelberg, 1993; "The History of the American Drugstore," David L. Cowen Lecture in the History of Pharmacy at Rutgers University, 1994; "William Procter, Jr., as Professional Icon," Edward Kremers Award Address, Orlando, 1995; "Pharmacy in the Atomic Age," Keynote at Annual Meeting of the American Society of Health-Systems Pharmacists, Minneapolis, 1997; "The Early Years of the United States Pharmacopoeia," History of Medicine Associates, Little Rock, 1997.


Background: Greg earned a BS in Pharmacy degree from the University of Michigan in 1977. After 9 months in practice as a pharmacist, he returned to graduate school at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, receiving an MS in Pharmacy (1980) and a PhD in Pharmacy (1984). He did his graduate work in the history of pharmacy under Glenn Sonnedecker. From 1984 to 1986, he served as a research associate at the UW, teaching the then required history of pharmacy course (Pharmacy 401) and serving as the Assistant Director of the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy. In 1986, he became the Associate Director of the Institute, which is American pharmacy's historical society, founded at the UW in 1941. In 1987, he became Acting Director of the Institute, and full-time Director in 1988. In this capacity, he serves as Editor of Pharmacy in History, the quarterly journal of the Institute.

Professional Interests: Pharmacy History


  • BS 1977 Pharmacy - University of Michigan
  • MS 1980 Pharmacy - University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • PhD 1984 Pharmacy - University of Wisconsin-Madison

S & A Pharmacy 401:  History of Pharmacy

Cross-listed as History of Science 401

Highlighted Publications:
  • One Hundred Years of the National Formulary: A Symposium (American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1989). [Editor]
  • Pill Peddlers: Essays on the History of the Pharmaceutical Industry (AIHP, 1990). [Co-editor]
  • In Service to American Pharmacy: The Professional Life of William Procter, Jr. (University of Alabama Press, 1992). [Author]
  • The History of Pharmacy: A Selected Annotated Bibliography (Garland Publishing, 1995). [Co-editor]
  • The Spirit of Voluntarism . . . The United States Pharmacopeia 1820-1995 (United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc., 1995). [Co-author]
  • The Inside Story of Medicines: A Symposium (AIHP, 1997). [Co-editor]
  • "William Procter, Jr.," in American National Biography, volume 17, (Oxford University Press, 1999)
  • "Charles Rice," in American National Biography, volume 18, (Oxford University Press, 1999)
  • "American Pharmacy in the Twentieth Century," American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy 54 (1997): 1805-1809.
  • "Pharmacy in the American Century: 100 Years of Change," Pharmacy Times, November 1997, 16-24.
  • "Procter as Pharmaceutical Icon," Pharmacy in History 37 (1995): 123-131. (1995 Kremers Award Address)
  • "An Abridged History of Pharmacy from Compounding to Caring," Chapter 2 in Pharmaceutical Care, Calvin Knowlton and Richard Penna, eds., Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1995.
  • Apothecaries and the Drug Trade: Essays in Celebration of the Work of David L. Cowen (AIHP, 2001). [Co-editor]
  • 150 Years of Caring: A Pictorial History of the American Pharmaceutical Association (APhA, 2002). [Collaborating Editor]
  • Drugstore Memories: American Pharmacists Recall Life Behind the Counter, 1824-1933 (AIHP, 2002). [Co-editor]
  • "Lewis & Clark Bought Imported Drugs!" Apothecary's Cabinet, #8, Fall 2004:  1-6.
  • American Pharmacy:  A Collection of Historical Essays (AIHP, 2005).  [Co-editor]
  • "Professional Socialization of Pharmacists,” chapter 7 in Social and Behavioral Aspects of Pharmaceutical Care, 2nd edition, Jones and Bartlett, 2010.
  • "Evolution of Pharmacy,” Chapter 2 in Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 22nd Edition, Pharmaceutical Press, 2013, pp. 11-24.